Program at a Glance

Time Local Time Minutes Room A
Thursday, December 17, 2020
08:30 am – 09:00 am 30 Log in to ZOOM Meeting
09:00 am – 10:00 am 60 Opening Session
10:00 am – 12:00 pm 120 Keynote Session – Day 1
12:00 pm – 02:00 pm 120 Technical Session 1: 5G
02:00 pm – 04:00 pm 120 Technical Session 2: Smart City
04:00 pm – 06:00 pm 120 Technical Session 3: MIMO and Radar Technologies
06:00 pm – 08:00 pm 120 Technical Session 4: Broadband and Photonics
Friday, December 18, 2020
08:30 am – 09:00 am 30 Log in to ZOOM Meeting
09:00 am – 10:30 am 90 Keynote Session – Day 2
10:30 am – 11:30 am 60 Technical Session 5: Satellite
11:30 am – 02:00 pm 120 Break
Room A Room B
02:00 pm – 04:00 pm 120 Technical Session 61: IoT and Network Technical Session 62: IoT and Communication
04:00 pm – 06:00 pm 120 Technical Session 71: Antenna Technologies Technical Session 72: Emerging Network Technologies
06:00 pm – 08:00 pm 120 Technical Session 81: Emerging Communications Technologies Technical Session 82: Advanced Resarch
08:00 pm – 08:30 pm 30 Closing Session

Thursday, December 17, 2020

Thursday, December 17, 2020, 08:30 am – 09:00 am
Log in to ZOOM Meeting

The 9th IEEE COMNETSAT 2020 is held virtually using the ZOOM Meeting Application. Please pay attention and follow the instructions below:

    • Use the latest version of the ZOOM app: Update version 5.4.6. (Required)
    • Set the Zoom Username by following the format: Session Code Your Full Name. Example: TS1 Stefanus or TS62 Michael (for parallel session) (Required). For details of the session code, please check the Program Schedule below.
    • The time shown refers to the Jakarta Indonesia time zone (GMT+7)”

Thursday, December 17, 2020, 09:00 am – 10:00 am
Opening Session

09:00 Greeting from VITKA Holding / ITEBA
09:10 Opening Speech by COMNETSAT 2020 Chair
09:20 Remarks from IEEE Indonesia
09:30 Remarks from COMSOC Indonesia
09:40 Remarks from AESS/GRSS Indonesia

Thursday, December 17, 2020, 10:00 am – 12:00 pm
Keynote Session – Day 1

10.00 Rudiantara, S.Stat., M.B.A.
Telecommunication Analyst – Indonesia

10.30 Dr. Mohammad Mohammadi Amiri
Princeton University – USA
Federated Edge Learning: Advances and Challenges

11.00 Dr.Ir. Hammam Riza, M.Sc, IPU
Chairman of the Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT)- Indonesia
Developing Research Ecosystems and Technological Innovations to Support the Implementation of Broadband Technology in Indonesia

11.30 Dr. Yang Liu
Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications – China
The Security of Radio Access Networks

Thursday, December 17, 2020, 12:00 pm – 02:00 pm
TS1: 5G

12:00 Coexistence Analysis of 5G and Satellite Networks at 3.5 GHz Frequency
Setiyo Budiyanto (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
Lukman Silalahi (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
Freddy Artadima Silaban (Universitas Mercu Buana & Indones, Indonesia)
Novia Permata Atmadja (Universitas Mercu Buana & Republic Indonesia Ministry of Health, Indonesia)
As the latest mobile broadband technology, 5G technology has entered Indonesia and it has influenced the demand for the use of unrenewable source frequency spectrum. In Indonesia, 5G technology is being planned to use the 3.5 GHz frequency spectrum to meet the traffic demand. However, this frequency has previously been filled by satellites that were previously in operation which incidentally is the C-band txpd. In this case 5G must be able to coexist with existing C-Band users so that problems do not arise in the future and this is closely related to the calculation of prices and aspects of its economic business. The method used so that coexistence can occur between 5G and C-band users who have operated previously is by reframing C-band tape, by deactivating transponders that have been empty because they have been moved and the allocation of 20 MHz guard bands and an additional 180 MHz released for auction. Coexistence of these two technologies can occur, 5G can occupy the available slots. The reallocation of 3.4 – 3.8 GHz will benefit many parties including the government, satellite operators, which is because the NPV is positive by comparing the price of the 2.3 GHz band license, 5G operators and application developers that is because the spectrum position is worthy of consideration, and consumers because of the possibility of affordable prices for the use of 5G networks in this spectrum.

12:15 Metropolitan Cellular Traffic Prediction Using Deep Learning Techniques
Anandpushparaj J (National Institute of Technology, Trichy, India)
Siddharth Sudhakaran (National Institute of Technology, Trichy, India)
Ashwath Venkatagiri (National Institute of Technology, Trichy, India)
Pranav Taukari (National Institute of Technology, Trichy, India)
Muthu Palanivel Chidambara Nathan (National Institute of Technology, India)
With the advent of 5G networks, it is of paramount importance for machines to learn and make decisions independently. An important area where machine learning can be used to enhance wireless network performance is cellular traffic prediction. Cellular traffic volume prediction can be defined as forecasting the future traffic volume based on knowledge from the past, and other previously known information. This allows for congestion control and enhances energy efficiency, as the base station can be turned on and off based on incoming traffic data. In this research paper, a deep learning approach for cellular traffic prediction by using deep neural networks to model cellular traffic is proposed. This is achieved by treating the traffic volume data as a tensor, similar to an image, which is then fed to a convolutional neural network. The network learns the temporal and spatial dependence of cellular traffic data. The results of the proposed networks are then validated using the Telecom Italia Dataset.

12:30 A Comparison 5G NR Planning Between Mid-Band and High-Band Frequency in Jababeka Industrial Estate
Ari Sukarno (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto & JL. DI Panjaitan, Indonesia)
Alfin Hikmaturokhman (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto & Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia)
Dina Rachmawaty (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia)
New Radio (NR) is the fifth generation of the wireless access technology that can deliver extreme mobile broadband, massive connectivity and ultra low latency communication. The purpose of this research is to compare network planning between mid-band at 2.6 GHz and high-band at 26 GHz frequency which fulfill of huge bandwidth to deliver data rate of multi-Gigabit-per-second (Gbps). The network planning using Mentum Planet 7.3 based on coverage area with study case in 22.67 km2 of Jababeka Industrial Estate. The link budget is calculate using downlink Outdoor-to-Outdoor (O2O) with Line of Sight (LOS) and Non-Line of Sight (NLOS) scenario based on propagation model Urban Micro (UMi) and Urban Macro (UMa) that has been standardized by 3GPP TR 38.901. The simulation result shows scenario 1 downlink-O2O-LOS result better network compared with scenario 2 downlink-O2O-NLOS. The NLOS scenario requires more gNodeB than scenario LOS caused in NLOS between gNodeB and user terminal have an obstacle. The maximum data rate for 2.6 GHz is 436.31 Mbps with average value SS-RSRP -96.01 dBm, average value SS-SINR 4.21 dB and the maximum data rate for 26 GHz is 1.83 Gbps with average value SS-RSRP -78.14 dBm, average value SS-SINR 0.46 dB.

12:45 Performance Analysis of a Novel Receive Antenna Selection Strategy in AF MIMO Relay Networks
Aliasghar Tarkhan (University of Washington, USA)
Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO), antenna selection, cooperative networks are key components of modern wireless communication systems (5G and beyond). In this paper, I propose a new antenna selection strategy for MIMO relay networks with a half-duplex amplify-and-forward (AF) relay. In such systems, there are three different receive antennas: the receive antennas at the relay and the destination nodes in the first time slot and the receive antenna at the destination node in the second time slot. I distinguish between the receive antennas at the destination in the first and the second time slots to enhance the received signals from both the transmitter and the relay nodes. I also present the theoretical results for the outage probability of the proposed antenna selection method along with its closed-form expression for medium-to-high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). I compare the proposed methods in this paper with other similar strategies through simulations.

01:00 Supervised Learning for Enhanced Early HARQ Feedback Prediction in URLLC
Saleh A Almarshed (University of Surrey & KACST, United Kingdom (Great Britain))
Dionysia Triantafyllopoulou (University of Surrey, United Kingdom (Great Britain))
Klaus Moessner (University of Surrey, United Kingdom (Great Britain))
The fifth-generation wireless communication networks (5G) facilitate a wide range of newly-emerging applications alongside existing cellular mobile broadband services. One of the key service classes of 5G is Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency Communications (URLLC), which guarantees the rapid delivery of short packets (up to 1 ms) with a success probability rate of 99.999%. The challenging reliability and latency requirements of URLLC cannot be delivered by existing cellular networks, resulting in the need for significant air interface modifications. This study aims to satisfy the link latency requirements of URLLC applications, and specifically reduce the latency associated with the presence of the Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest (HARQ) feedback scheme. To this end, we investigate a supervised learning method to provide early HARQ (E-HARQ) feedback on the decodability status of the coded-received signal, ahead of the decoding processing. This strategy allows the transmitter to react faster and minimize the signal round-trip time (RTT). The simulation results demonstrate the capability of the proposed mechanism to speed up the feedback releasing and enhance the prediction accuracy by 12% with the introduction of a new feature derived by the channel state estimation.

01:15 Performance Analysis MmWave Under Barometric Pressure Effect in Wonosobo City
Resi Amalia Utami (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia)
Achmad Rizal Danisya (Insitut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia)
Anggun Fitrian Isnawati (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia)
This research designs and simulates the 5G channel model to determine the system performance. The channel model characteristics affect the network performance on the use of MilimeterWave frequency above 6 GHz which is sensitive to natural influences. The optimal performance is done by knowing the channel characteristics. This study uses a frequency of 28 GHz, Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) modulation, bandwidth 200 MHz and Cyclic Prefix Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (CP-OFDM). The results showed a comparison of the 5G channel model to obtain an outage probability of 10-4 at maximum and minimum air pressure so that the Eb/No for half coding rate was 15.073 dB and 15.088 dB, three-fourths coding rate 16.122 dB and 16.355 dB and coding rate. one, namely 17.523 dB and 17.495 dB. This shows that air pressure affects the performance of the communication system on 5G and the level of quality and channel capacity is more efficient by using a half coding rate compared to a coding rate of three quarters and one.

01:30 Performance of Mmwave Channel Model on 28 GHz Frequency Based on Temperature Effect in Wonosobo City
Ade Kurniawan (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia)
Anggun Fitrian Isnawati (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia)
Achmad Rizal Danisya (Insitut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia
The need of using telecommunications networks is driving develop to increasing a cellular technology. Cellular technology has reached the fifth-generation (5G) which is expected to be launched in 2020. 5G technology is predicted to use high frequencies, where high frequencies present a new challenge namely wave propagation attenuation problems that are affected by natural conditions such as temperature, barometric, rain rate, and humidity. Differences from the shape of the earth’s contours and natural conditions in each region requires research to find the most appropriate channel model to be used in the region. The channel model is obtained based on the representative value of Power Delay Profile (PDP) simulation results using the NYUSIM channel simulator. Evaluation of work in research using a frequency of 28 GHz, QPSK modulation, 200 MHz bandwidth and CP-OFDM. The results showed a comparison of the 5G channel model to get an outage probability of 10^-4 at maximum and minimum temperatures so that the Eb/ No needed for coding rate a half was 15.352 dB and 15.122 dB, coding rate three-quarter was 16.625 dB and 16.329 dB and coding rate one are 17.711 dB and 17.487 dB. Judging from these results, it can be seen that temperature affects the performance of the communication system on 5G in the city of Wonosobo.

01:45 Planning of 5G New Radio (NR) mmWave 26 GHz in Karawang Industrial Area
Stevani Br Barutu (Institute Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia)
Alfin Hikmaturokhman (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto & Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia)
Muhammad Panji Kusuma Praja (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia
Good networking is a significant need in the Industrial field. This research will analysis in 5G New Radio (NR) planning based on coverage area at frequency 26 GHz in Karawang Industrial Area. In this research the sequence of network planning by calculating the link budget of downlink conditions; Outdoor to Outdoor (O2O); Line of Sight (LOS); Non-Line of Sight) NLOS) uses UMi propagation model. For the standardization of the UMi propagation model, refer to 3GPP TR 38901. The results that will be obtained after calculation of the link budget can be simulated in the Mentum Planet version 7.3.0. The Automatic Site Placement (ASP) feature is used to automatically place the site to observe the SS-RSRP, SS-SINR, Throughput parameters. From the results of the simulation O2O LOS downlink scenario, the average value of the observed SS-RSRP parameter is – 86.677 dBm; SS-SINR parameters have a mean value of 1.707 dB; The average value of a throughput parameters is 515.620 Mbps. As for the O2O NLOS downlink scenario, the observed SS-RSRP parameter has an average value of -70.886 dBm; the SS-SINR parameters have an average value of -4.526 dB; data rate parameters have an average value of 51.055 Mbps.

Thursday, December 17, 2020, 02:00 pm – 04:00 pm
TS2: Smart City

02:00 Artificial Intelligence and IoT based Monitoring of Poultry Health: A Review
Maninder Singh (Chitkara University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Punjab, India)
Rajeev Kumar (Chitkara University, Punjab, India)
Dinesh Tandon (Chitkara University, Punjab, India)
Pallavi Sood (Chitkara University, Punjab, India)
Manish Sharma (SGT University, India)
In this paper, a comprehensive review of poultry health monitoring using Internet of Things (IoT) platform employing Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques is presented. For monitoring the poultry farm and bird health, the IoT devices employing different types of sensors video/image processing and classification capabilities, along with vocalization (sound) based Poultry livestock analysis is being studied. Availability of growingly inexpensive computational resources, IoT devices, and standard algorithms, has made a strong case to employ modern day technology to continuously monitor the large farms with millions of birds and improve the overall productivity. As eggs and poultry are biggest source of protein intake, the advance technological solutions for poultry farm management should be employed on priority basis.

02:15 Face Identification System Using Convolutional Neural Network for Low Resolution Image
Muhammad Arafah (STMIK AKBA, Indonesia)
Andani Achmad (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Indrabayu A (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Intan Sari Areni (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
This research aims to determine the performance of facial identification on closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras. There are two data classifications used, namely training data and testing data. The training data use the CASIA-Webface dataset with a total of 490,623 facial images divided into 10,572 classes. Meanwhile, the testing data consists of two data, namely the source data and the target data which have 5 different image sizes such as 32×32, 64×64, 128×128, 256×256 and 512×512 pixels. The source data are form of photos taken using a Digital Single Lens Reflex (DSLR) camera, while the target data use video data taken with CCTV. The source data consists of 10 IDs, each of them has 1 image for each size, so the total images used in the source data are 50 IDs. While the target data are 20 IDs, each of them has 20 face images with low resolution characteristics, less light and face capture not parallel to CCTV. This research uses Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) method with ResNet50 architecture, ArcFace as a loss function in the training process and Cosine Similarity for the face identification process. Resnet50 and ArcFace use an embedding size of 512 and in the training process, ArcFace’s scale and margin parameters are 64 and 0.5. The results indicate differences in accuracy, True Positive Rate (TPR) and False Positive Rate (FPR) from the face identification process between the image sizes used and the respective IDs in the source data.

02:30 Feasibility Study of The IoT-Connectivity Deployment For AMI Service: A Case Study in Surabaya City
Arrizky Ayu Faradila Purnama (Telkom University, Indonesia)
Muhammad Imam Nashiruddin (Telkom University, Indonesia)
Muhammad Ary Murti (Telkom University, Indonesia)
“The manual reading of electricity, water, gas, and fuel tank meters requires increased fieldwork efficiency and improved measurement accuracy and monitoring related to service users and reducing fraud potential. The implementation of measurement services needs to be supported by communication technology, which has low cost and reliability characteristics.
AMI (Advanced Meter Infrastructure) is an integrated smart meter system, communication network, and data management system that enables two-way communication between utilities and customers. With AMI’s application, it is expected to increase efficiency in monitoring and detecting leaks to overcome losses. IoT is a concept where particular objects can transfer data over the network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. There is technology standardization, namely LPWAN.
Planning is done by comparing LoRaWAN, Sigfox, and NB-IoT with the main topic of discussion regarding network connectivity for AMI service needs. Based on the planning results, LoRaWAN requires at least 31 gateways with an average signal level of -83.11 dBm, an average throughput of 21.88 kbps, and an average SNR -0.13 dB. Sigfox requires at least 32 gateways with an intermediate signal level of -81.28 dBm, an average throughput of 0.6 kbps, and an average SNR of 14.79 dB. NB-IoT requires at least 31 gateways with an average signal level of -57.38 dBm, an average throughput of 220.36 kbps, and an average SNR of 8.87 dB.”

02:45 Impact of Home Energy Management by Integrating PEV and RES
Ian Adrian B (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Salama Manjang (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Ikhlas Kitta (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Demand response (DR) strategy and electricity developments have pushed energy management systems to have an important role in the performance and economy of the smart home. In addition, the integration of renewable energy sources (RES), electric vehicles (EVs) and energy storage systems (ESS) have become a concern in the last decade. This research focuses on the economic impact of household consumers using photovoltaic (PV) as small-scale renewable energy sources (RES) and electric vehicles (EVs) as a new type of load on the household. Electric vehicles (EVs) also have a substantial impact on the trade in electricity such as vehicle to home (V2H) and vehicle to grid (V2G) system. Furthermore, the target to meet the use of renewable energy sources (RES), the use of electric vehicle components and also opportunities as storage technology became motivation in the preparation of research. This study used a mixed-integer linear programming framework for home energy management system (HEM) modelling by considering factors such as RES generation, cost differences of two-way transaction and the availability schedule of electric vehicles (EVs). Distributed renewable energy source, a bi-directional EV operation including both V2G and V2H options are combined in this research.

03:00 A Smart Home Energy Consumption Monitoring System Integrated with Internet Connection
Muliadi Muliadi (Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia)
M. Yogi Fahrezi (Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia)
Intan Sari Areni (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Elyas Palantei (Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia)
Andani Achmad (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
The use of IoT technology enables web-based monitoring to statistically collect information related to measurements of electrical energy parameters, such as real time measurement of current (I), voltage (V) and power (P). This study aims to design a webbased real time monitoring system for electrical energy consumption inside a particular house. The monitoring peripheral node was constructed using an ESP8266 controller chipset to steer a relay and a current sensor PZEM-004T. The controller was programmed using the Arduino IDE application and exploiting the powerful performance of C language to build the codes. The web-based application interface was correspondingly created using the sublime text 3-text editor using the HTML; CSS programming languages as the frontend; and both PHP and MySQL software as the backend. Users could control the functional of the particular installed electronic devices using ON / OFF button directly through the designed website. Through this way, users may also observe the current and power values consumed by each operated devices. The cumulative power consumption profile for a certain time interval for each electronic appliances is also graphically visualized on the website menu. The practical testing results obtained the percentage of error current reading from the PZEM-004T sensor to the theoretical current value. From the data collection of an electric load, the error percentage of the lamp load is 0.5%, the rice cooker load is 0.7% and the dispenser load is 0.1%.

03:15 Performance Analysis and Optimization Of Novel Hybrid Communication Mode for Vehicular Network
Xueying Jiang (Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China)
Wei He (Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China)
Tao Han (Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China)
With the development of smart cities and vehicular networks, the shortage of resources is increasingly becoming a key concern. To alleviate this problem, some researchers have started to consider the use of parked vehicles. However, existing studies focus on the problem do not consider the leaving behavior of parked cars or that parked vehicles cannot continue charging when they are turned off, which leads to the communication connectivity problem and limited energy issue. In this paper, taking the impact of parked vehicles’ leaving behavior and limited energy into consideration, we propose a novel hybrid communication mode for vehicular networks. In addition, we analyze its performance and discuss the optimization methods which have the ability to provide services in the most energy-efficient manner while guaranteeing the quality of service.

03:30 Monitoring Self-isolation Patient of COVID-19 with Internet of Things
Rinto Priambodo (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
Trie Kadarina (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
Internet of Things (IoT) application can be used in health care service to monitor patients remotely. During the COVID-19 pandemic, infected people with no symptoms must isolate theirself to keep the virus from spreading. Medical devices connected to internet can be used for physiological measurement such as heart rates, blood oxygen saturation and body temperature and send the measurement result to a server. Remote monitoring can also reduce patient visit to hospital and therefore reduce workload of medical staff. In this research we propose a monitoring system for COVID-19 patients in self-isolation to monitor physiological data like SpO2 and heart rate together with location information of the patients. We have developed IoT-based health monitoring system with wireless body sensor networks and a gateway that can be used for data acquisition and transmission. The system also employed an application server that can be used for data storage, analytics, and visualization. The prototype of the monitoring system used home pulse oximeter for measuring SpO2 and heart rate and an Android application working as IoT gateway to collect data from sensor and adding location information before sending the data to server. In server, an open source Elasticsearch Logstash Kibana (ELK) stack popular for logging and indexing large data continuously process incoming data so that medical staff can explore and visualize measurement results of patients and their location in a dashboard. That way they can monitor patient’s condition trying to recover themselves in self-isolation at any time and take preventive actions as necessary.

03:45 Leveraging Traffic Condition using IoT for Improving Smart City Street Lights
Syeda Roushan Arshad (COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan)
Aman Saeed (COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan)
Vishwesh Akre (Dubai Women’s College, United Arab Emirates)
Hasan Ali Khattak (COMSATS University, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Sheeraz Ahmed (IQRA National University Peshawar & CAREER DYNAMICS INSTITUTE, Peshawar, Pakistan)
Zahoor Ali Khan (Higher Colleges of Technology & Dalhousie University, United Arab Emirates)
Asif Nawaz (Higher College of Technology, United Arab Emirates)
This study introduces an adaptive street light system based on sensor units that makes the system cost efficient and reduces the power consumption across highways on the basis of traffic conditions and intensity. The main goal of the system is to develop a power saving and efficient street light system and take a initiative towards generating street light poles smart and intelligent using IoT. Enormous use of street lights is consuming large amount of electricity due to their uninterrupted operation all over the night to manage traffic on daily basis. To minimize the large consumption of electricity across highways there must be a technological system that works smart and modify the street light poles based on traffic conditions. This paper is concerned with evolution and implementation of IoT based smart street lights.


Thursday, December 17, 2020, 04:00 pm – 06:00 pm
TS3: MIMO and Radar Technologies

04:00 Al2O3 Ceramic Based Dual Mode Dielectric Resonator MIMO Antenna for Wireless Standards
Ajay Kumar Dwivedi (Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, India)
Anand Sharma (Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad, India)
Ashutosh Kumar Singh (Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, India)
Vivek Singh (Shambhunath Institute of Engineering and Technology, Prayagraj, UP, INDIA, India)
This letter presents a dual port with dual-mode characteristics dielectric resonator-based MIMO antenna. A square shape aperture is used to excite the DRA and generates two resonating frequencies of 2.36 GHz and 3.53 GHz respectively. The attractive attributes of the presented antenna are (i) able to generate two distinct hybrid modes i.e HE11δ and HE11δ+1 at two different resonating frequencies and hence provide different radiation characteristics (ii) with the dual-band operation it covers important bands for wireless standards i.e (WLAN/WiMAX). With the assistantship of circular shape feed line isolation (S12) < -15 dB is achieved between the two ports. positive value of gains i.e (3.75 dBi & 3.5 dBi) and 90 % of radiation efficiency is obtained. The obtained values of the various diversity parameters i.e (ECC, DG, and TARC) confirm that the MIMO antenna has better diversity characteristics. The proposed design is modeled using HFSS and has been validated by using computer simulation software CST, a close agreement in the results approves the genuineness of the results obtained for the designed structure.

04:15 A Reflectarray Antenna with Inverted U Patch Backed by a Metallic Plate at 9.5 GHz
Umaisaroh Umaisaroh (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
Mudrik Alaydrus (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
Lingga Amriva (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
High gain requirements of antenna, especially for radar applications are a challenging task. In order to combine the high gain characteristics and low profileness of the geometrical structures, this work proposed a reflectarray antenna at the frequency 9.5 GHz. The unit cell consists of an inverted U patch etched on a substrate and backed by a metallic plate at a distance of 2 mm. The antenna was fabricated on Roger RO4003C™ with a relative permittivity εr=3.55, tan teta=0.0027 and a thickness of 0.51 mm. The simulation result shows that the reflectarray antenna design with 13×13 array form has 18.25 dBi gain oriented to 2o. The measurement validated the radiation diagram however with the main beam to the direction 18o.

04:30 Bandpass Filter Design Using The Square Loop Resonator On 3 GHz Frequency For Radar Applications
Lukman Silalahi (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
Setiyo Budiyanto (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
Freddy Artadima Silaban (Universitas Mercu Buana & Indones, Indonesia)
Imelda Simanjuntak (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
Agus Rochendi (Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Indonesia)
In recent times, there have been a lot of researches that carry out the development of microstrips as a medium for designing antennas and filters. One form of microstrip development in this research is a filter in radar applications. Designing and realizing a bandpass filter that works at a frequency of-3.-0 GHz with the square loop resonator method and analyzing the performance of a bandpass filter that has been designed to have good characteristic values and according to the desired specifications are the objectives of this research. The novelty of research from the square loop resonator method is the resulting eleptic response, narrow bandwidth and small dimensions. Thus, the square loop resonator is the method proposed in this research. The result of this research is to produce a filter response measurement on a vector analyzer. The findings obtained are a bandwidth widening of-3-0 MHz and a shift in the center frequency of 6-0 MHz from the original design of-3 GHz to-3.-06 GHz. In the simulation results via High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS), the return loss (S11) value is -29.6 dB and the insertion loss (S21) value is -0.8 dB, while based on the measurement results, the return loss (S11) value is -22.-3 dB and the insertion loss value (S21) of -3.-05 dB.

04:45 Miniaturized Dual-Band Printed MIMO Antenna with DGS for L-Band and C-Band Wireless Applications
Shiddanagouda F Byanigoudra (Vignan Institute of Technology and Science Hyderabad & JNTU HYDERABAD, India)
Vani M (Gulbarga University, India)
Prabhakar Hunagund (Gulbarga University, India)
This paper presents a miniaturized dual-band printed MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) antenna with DGS (Defected Ground Structure) for L-band and C-band wireless applications. The proposed MIMO antenna consists of four identical microstrip patch elements printed on flame-retardant fiberglass epoxy (FR-4) substrate with the dimensions of 53x60x1.6mm3 and ground plane etched with folded rectangular split ring defected ground structure (FRSRDGS). The dimensions of the individual patch element are 11×0.5mm2. The FRSRDGS are used to miniaturize the MIMO antenna patch elements. The proposed MIMO antenna resonates at dual resonating frequency points i.e., 1.9GHz (L-Band) and 5.9GHz (C-Band) with a bandwidth of 57MHz and 598MHz respectively. The mutual coupling coefficients between the antenna elements are -33dB and -34.5dB, as well as 96.72% of physical size miniaturization and 67.72% of virtual size miniaturization, are achieved. The envelope correlation coefficient (ECC), diversity gain (DG), and radiation patterns are investigated. The simulated and measured results make it suitable to use for L-band and C-band wireless applications.

05:00 Phased-MIMO Antenna Arrays of Radar System in Detection Performance
Syahfrizal Tahcfulloh (Universitas Borneo Tarakan, Indonesia)
The use of multiple antennas in radar systems that establish antenna arrays in transmitter (Tx) and receiver (Rx) has become of current interest. The Phased-MIMO radar (PMIMO) combines simultaneously the high coherent directional gain capabilities of the phased array (PA) radar and the high multi-target detection capabilities of the MIMO radar. This can be realized because of the use of overlapped subarrays in Tx so that it improves the detection performance flexibly such as the detection and false alarm probabilities. In this paper, the detection performance of this radar for the optimal detector has been derived and validated and then compared with the performance of other multi-antenna radars based on the effect of the threshold, SNR, and the number of subarrays in Tx. The results of the evaluation show that the PMIMO radar is more flexible through its subarrays variations than the PA and the MIMO radars for its performance capabilities under various target environmental conditions. For example, to achieve a detection performance that fulfil the tolerance of a certain threshold, which is above 35, the resulting false alarm probability is above 10e-4 with a detection probability of more than 99%.

05:15 Receive Antenna Selection in Uplink Smart Antenna MIMO Systems
Aliasghar Tarkhan (University of Washington, USA)
Smart Antenna (SA) and multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems have enhanced the performance of communication systems. The combination of these systems has advantages of both of these two systems simultaneously. The capacity of single-user uplink SA-MIMO systems is investigated in the literature. One drawback of multi-antenna is the high complexity burden and hardware cost due to more radio frequency (RF) chains. One remedy for this drawback is the antenna selection technique in which the best antennas are selected among available antennas and hence the number of RF chains is reduced. In this paper, I propose the antenna selection technique in the uplink SA-MIMO systems. I propose to select the best subset of antennas to maximize the capacity of these systems. I show that how the proposed technique significantly reduces the computational burden and hardware cost while the performance is influenced insignificantly.

05:30 Joint User and Transmit Antenna Selection in Uplink SA-MIMO Systems
Aliasghar Tarkhan (University of Washington, USA)
Smart antenna (SA) systems result in higher capacity and broader coverage in wireless communications. Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems have resulted in higher capacity and reliability. The combination of these two systems (SA-MIMO) has advantages of both of these systems simultaneously. One drawback of multiple antenna systems is the high computational burden and hardware cost due to radiofrequency (RF) chains. One remedy for this drawback and to reduce the number of RF chains is antenna selection in which the best subset of antennas is selected among the available large number of antennas. In this paper, joint user and transmit antenna selection is proposed in uplink SA-MIMO systems. First, the best subset of antennas is selected at each user on the transmit side. After that, the best user is selected to transmit the signal to the receiver. It will be shown that the proposed method results in better performance where the number of RF chains is fixed.

05:45 Quasi-Yagi Uda MIMO 2×2 Antenna for 5G Network on Cellular Devices Application Tommi Hariyadi (Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia)
Haris Arsyad (Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia)
Iwan Kustiawan (Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Indonesia)
“Telecommunication technology is in preparation for the 5th generation (5G), one of the components that plays an important role is antenna. The characteristics of antenna that is small size, wide bandwidth, and uses Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) system are needed to be used on 5G network. In this research, 2×2 MIMO antenna will be designed for 5G networks on cellular devices that work on Ka-Band frequencies of 25 – 27 GHz. The quasi-yagi microstrip antenna has been chosen for design because it is able to meet the needs for 5G network. The Rogers RO-4350B (lossy) substrate with thickness 0.762 mm and relative permittivity 3.66 used in antenna fabrication which has the advantage of being more resistant high power (power handling) better than FR-4. This research consists of three steps antenna simulation using CST Studio Suite software, namely antenna design, make the antenna balun has 180o of phase difference and optimization of antenna performance. The results show that the antenna design has been successfully made, antenna balun has 180o of phase difference, and optimization simulation of MIMO antenna have met the expected specifications by working at Ka-Band frequency of 25-27 GHz, obtained value of return loss less than -10 dB, mutual coupling less than -20 dB, port impedance approaching 50 Ω, gain value in the range of 7,153 – 9,457 dBi and directional radiation pattern.”

Thursday, December 17, 2020, 06:00 pm – 08:00 pm
TS4: Broadband and Photonics

06:00 Performance Evaluation of the 10 Gigabit Symmetric PON for Triple-Play Services
Nomarhinta Solihah (Telkom Indonesia, Indonesia)
Muhammad Imam Nashiruddin (Telkom University, Indonesia)
The massive use of triple-play service (high-speed Internet, real-time voice, and high-quality video) has created an enormous capacity problem to access network infrastructures. Moreover, the triple-play service requires a large bandwidth to meet the user’s expectations and satisfaction. The higher the quality of the triple-play service content, the provided bandwidth must be more significant. This condition encourages telecommunication operators to increase their capacity by using XGS-PON technology to deliver triple-play services at a speed of 10 Gbps for upstream and downstream directions. The implementation of triple-play services on the XGS-PON must guarantee its functions and capabilities to meet regulation and standardization requirements. However, it has been no regulation and standardization regarding triple-play services in XGS-PON in Indonesia. This research will propose test methods and performance evaluation of the 10 Gigabit Symmetric PON capability for triple-play services. The test result shows internet service on XGS-PON supports IPv4 and IPv6 protocols following ITU-T G.9807. XGS-PON also supports MAC Frame format according to IEEE 802.3, and VLAN ID refers to IEEE 802.1Q. The XGS-PON also supports real-time voice service using SIP protocol and the G.711 and G.729 audio CODECS to interoperate with legacy technology. The XGS-PON supports video services according to ITU-T G.9807 with multicast video services using IGMP version 2 and IGMP version 3 and unicast video services using the UDP/RTP protocol.

06:15 Design and Analysis of Bandpass Filter using SIW Techniques and CPW Feed
Rashmita Mishra (BPPIMT Kolkata & India-700052, India)
Kailash Chandra Rout (CEC Bhubaneswar, India)
“In the proposed work, the design and analysis of a bandpass filter (BPF) using substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) technique along with conductor backed coplanar waveguide (CBCPW) is presented. The design structure is simulated, followed by its analysis, and finally, its results are experimentally verified. The design method is used as a simple approach to obtain the second-order BPF and two transmission poles for 12-18 GHz frequency range. At the first step, the input impedance of the CB-CPW feed is calculated and fixed as 50-ohms. Apart from this, two-cavity resonators are created by using four vertical metallic walls to generate resonant frequencies and two poles, which means the second-order filter is developed. Furthermore, the gap between two metallic walls plays a crucial role in maintaining the filter’s impedance bandwidth and other characteristics. The experimental results of filter characteristics are verified and matched with the results of the simulation.”

06:30 Techno-Economic on Implementation of FTTH Network for Broadband Services
Setiyo Budiyanto (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
Lukman Silalahi (Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia)
Freddy Artadima Silaban (Universitas Mercu Buana & Indones, Indonesia)
Globally, the increasing need for the ICT (Information and Communication Technology) Industry is experiencing very rapid progress, especially in broadband telecommunication technology. With this technology, it is easy to exchange information between one another even though it is at a great distance. far, high quality data speeds at affordable costs and without limitations. To improve the quality of service so that it is better to modernize access transmission, modernization of the access network is done by changing the copper cable network to a fiber optic cable. Fiber optic cable is able to carry a larger user capacity, therefore this research will discuss Techno-Economics on the Implementation of FTTH Network for Broadband Services. Where this is done to see the feasibility of investing in the construction of fiber optic network infrastructure in FTTH profitable or not for the company. This study uses techno-economic methods. The results showed that the NPV value obtained was Rp. 189,393,209 with an IRR of 20%, the Net Benefit value obtained was 1,389 and the duration of the payback period was 2 years and 9 months. Based on these parameters, it can be seen that the investment is feasible to continue.

06:45 Radio and Power over Fiber System for 4K/8K Satellite Antenna
Ziyu Guo (Waseda University, Japan)
Jiang Liu (Waseda University, Japan)
Shigeru Shimamoto (Waseda University & Graduate School of Global Information and Telecommunication Studies, Japan)
In the new 4K/8K satellite broadcasting, the maximum intermediate frequency (IF) is proposed to be changed from 2071 MHz to 3224 MHz. The coaxial cable has been widely used for IF signal transmission, but the attenuation is significant with a high signal loss in high-frequency transmission. With the increasing number of 4K/8K channels and the development of broadcasting technology, the frequency used for the IF signal will keep increasing. Therefore, the coaxial cable may not meet the future ultra-high-definition satellite broadcasting requirements anymore. Compared to the all-electrical signal transmission, the Radio-over-Fiber (RoF) system can achieve signal transmission with lower loss by transmitting the signal through an optical fiber. In this work, we propose a system that uses the RoF technology to reduce the signal loss during high-frequency transmission while adopting the Power-over-Fiber (PoF) technology to generate electric power for Low-Noise Block (LNB) and RoF unit on the antenna side. A method that combines the RoF technology and PoF technology into one Double-clad Fiber is also reported. With the comparison between the signal transmitted through an RoF system and that through a coaxial cable, it can be clearly shown that the advantage of the RoF technology in the signal loss performance. The experimental results of signal transfer demonstrate that by using the RoF technology, the average amplitude of the effective signal increases by 8.89 dB in the range of 2224-3224 MHz, while the average amplitude increases by 5.7 dB for the effective signal in the range of 1032-2071 MHz.

07:00 Core Management Methods and Power Link Budget Analysis for New Optical Fiber Expansion
Aras Mabe Parenreng (University Of Hasanuddin, Indonesia)
Dewiani Dewiani (Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia)
Andani Achmad (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
The need for data communication continues to increase every year. Changes in the transmission of copper cables to optical cables are continuously being made to meet the public’s need for the internet. Various methods have emerged to accommodate the needs for large capacities and high speeds. In some areas where the fiber optic network has not been reached, the construction of a new network is carried out to meet the public’s need for internet. In-network development, of course, there are obstacles encountered, such as losses during connection. The amount of cable buildup when expanding due to repeated cable pulls in the same area. From these conditions, a solution is offered by optimizing the use of existing cables. By applying the concept of the Fiber to The Home (FTTH) network using Gigabit Passive Optical Network (GPON) technology, a 1: 4 splitter. Using a power link budget to obtain attenuation magnitude, core determination using core management methods, and simulation using optisystem. This process results in the calculation of the power budget of -19.21 dBm, -19.22 dBm, and -22.72 dBm. The cores used are based on the results of the management core, namely blue and brown cores. So it is stated that the design of a new area expansion is feasible to be implemented in the field and of course a solution to reduce the build-up when a new optical network will be expanded.

07:15 Open-ONT Implementation for Fiber-To-The-Home
David Christian (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia)
Dadiek Pranindito (Telkom School Of Telematics, Indonesia)
Dodi Zulherman (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia)
Recently, the deployment of optical fiber-based technology with the concept of triple-play services has become public interest. The interest increasing has not been in line with network equipment such as Optical Network Terminal (ONT) devices by service providers. This research aims to overcome the above problem by implementing an open-ONT system where the ONT device can be connected or compatible with different Optical Line Terminal (OLT) types and brands. Open-ONT system implementation was carried out on a customer network in the Sokaraja area, with five chosen randomly. The performance test used the QoS parameter to access three web addresses. Based on the test results, the quality of optical access network services using open-ONT obtained the throughput of about 1.395 Mbps, the delay about 19.45 ms, jitter about 0.042 ms, and packet loss about 4.57%. These found proved that the implementation of Open-ONT in the Sokaraja area can meet the access network’s standard.

07:30 Microserver Performance to Handle Heavy Traffic in Dedicated Server Host for Local Area Network
Arda Editya (Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Sidoarjo, Indonesia)
Neny Kurniati (Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Sidoarjo, Indonesia)
“Today’s computer network technology has entered almost all aspects of life. It is very difficult at this time to find areas of activity that have not been touched by computer network technology. This can be seen from users of computer network facilities, both for the needs of an institution and for personal needs. Computer network technology has become one of the important things to apply in the era of globalization and computerization. Based on this research, it can be concluded that the use of a microserver as a dedicated server host can be used as a CMS server and also web monitoring, this is shown in the experimental results that show the use of the processor when used as cms and web monitoring is below 50% besides the packet error that appears. below 10 when the microserver is used as file sharing and web streaming, the use of the processor shows that when the user is more than 30 users, the microserver processor will immediately reach 100% with this data so the microserver can be used as file sharing and web streaming only with the requirement of the number.


Friday, December 18, 2020

Friday, December 18, 2020, 08:30 am – 09:00 am
Log in to ZOOM Meeting

The 9th IEEE COMNETSAT 2020 is held virtually using the ZOOM Meeting Application. Please pay attention and follow the instructions below:

    • Use the latest version of the ZOOM app: Update version 5.4.6. (Required)
    • Set the Zoom Username by following the format: Session Code Your Full Name. Example: TS1 Stefanus or TS62 Michael (for parallel session) (Required). For details of the session code, please check the Program Schedule below.
    • The time shown refers to the Jakarta Indonesia time zone (GMT+7)”

Friday, December 18, 2020, 09:00 am – 10:30 am
Keynote Session – Day 2

09:00 Prof. Ir. Adit Kurniawan, M.Eng., Ph.D
Chairman of the Research Group Telecommunication Engineering STEI ITB – Indonesia
The Doppler Effect on the Performance of Power Control in High Speed 5G Communication Systems

09.30 Dr. Zhi Liu
The University of Electro-Communications – Japan
VR video and Point Cloud Video Streaming

10.00 Dr. Bambang Budiono
Director of Higher Education, Yayasan Pendidikan Telkom – Indonesia
What Companies Should Do in This Digital Era

Friday, December 18, 2020, 10:30 am – 11:30 am
Technical Session 5: Satelite

10.30 Implementation TDOA and FDOA Algorithms for Satellite Geolocation Interference Finder in Indonesia
Ilvico Sonata (BINUS University, Indonesia)
Satellite telecommunication becomes the most important telecommunication facilities for an archipelago country such as Indonesia. Indonesia has at least four satellites to support data and voice infrastructure over Indonesia region. Government application, private sector application such as banking and internet application, also 4G infrastructure mostly send through over satellite. The main problem of the satellite is interference disruption cause by unauthorize VSAT (very small aperture terminal) transmitter, equipment failure and VSAT misaligned. This paper will discuss how to find the source of interference using TDOA (time difference of arrival) and FDOA (frequency difference of arrival) algorithms and also the experimental result in Indonesia. The results are very precise and can be implemented easily at a low cost.

10.45 Energy Efficiency and Delay Trade-off over Multi-beam Satellite Downlinks
Kaiwei Wang (No 38 Research Institute, China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, China)
In this work, we focus on optimum beam-power allocation strategy considering energy efficiency and data traffic delay in satellite communication system. Different from other existing works, we use queueing model to describe users’ data traffic, and formulate the beam power allocation strategy as a long term average energy efficiency maximization problem. With Lyapunov optimization method, we transform the time average optimization problem into an instantaneous one, and reveal the trade-off between satellite antenna energy efficiency and users’ data traffic delay through drift-plus-penalty function. From simulation results, we can clearly see that multiple tradeoffs can be achieved through adjusting a control parameter V.

11.00 Meander Line-based Wilkinson Power Divider for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Application
Rama Rahardi
Muhammad Rizqi
William Lukito
Rhenetou Virginio
Muhammad Hilmi
Achmad Munir

11.15 Compact Dipole Antenna Based on Meander Line Structure for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Application
Rama Rahardi
Muhammad Rizqi
William Lukito
Rhenetou Virginio
Achmad Munir

Friday, December 18, 2020, 11:30 am – 02:00 pm

Friday, December 18, 2020, 02:00 pm – 04:00 pm
Technical Session 61: IoT and Network
Room: A

02:00 Digital Electricity Meter with Two Way Internet Communication
Trio Adiono (Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia)
In Indonesia, digital electricity meters currently do not have two-way internet communication. As a result, electricity token payments must be made offline using token. Moreover, using current meter, electricity operators and customer cannot observe and control the electricity usage. This paper focuses on designing a digital electricity meter with two-way internet communication. The meter uses a 32 bits microcontroller as its main control module and LoRa® based radio communication. The design includes RTOS design, where it is used to simultaneously perform operations such as data acquisition, payment algorithms, and encrypted communication. In order to implement electricity payment services, the system is designed to communicate with payment gateway. We also design a specific communication protocol to enable customers to track and control their electricity consumption. This protocol also allows customers to make electricity payments using NFC smartcard, token and internet banking. In order to monitor electricity usage, the system is equipped with a dashboard that can be used by electric operators. For users, an android™ application is designed to observe electricity usage. The test results show that the system can measure electricity usage, make payments using internet banking, and NFC tags.

02:15 LoRaWAN Intelligent Outdoor Smart Street Lighting
Pandapotan Siagian (Del Institute Of Technology, Indonesia)
Erick Fernando (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
Nowadays, The roads have increased the number of streetlights for the roads vehicles/pedestrians, which raises investment and energy. Observations made to obtain most of the road lights are always active at night, even when there are no vehicles or pedestrians on the road. The problems that occur are the waste of energy sources that are used in streetlights. This research designs the concept of intelligent traffic flow based (LED) for energy optimization, maximum efficiency. This concept uses intelligent light architecture using the LoRaWAN Mesh network. The application of this concept offers system reliability, reduces costs, and makes user satisfaction. The results of this study are demonstrated by experimenting with comparing conventional LED lights. The proposed system, resulting in 33% to 62% energy savings depending on when the usage process in streetlights. Smart lighting LEDs with LoRaWAN provide a remote-control mechanism that can be dynamically adjusted based on environmental conditions, distance, and automatic motion.

02:30 Network Security Analysis Using HTTPS with SSL On General Election Quick Count Website
Faiq Wibowo (Telkom University, Indonesia)
Hilal H. Nuha (Telkom University & King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Indonesia)
Sidik Prabowo (Telkom University, Indonesia)
“The general election is a democratic event held every five years to elect the candidate who will lead the
country during the period. There are several pilot websites for data processing by the quick count survey institution. However, in terms of security, the sites are still lacking because of the applicability have not implemented security systems for the anticipation of the attacks were not responsible. In this proposal, the authors designed a security application quick count based crowd-sourcing. HTTPS and SSL is a security protocol that is commonly used to secure web or internet transactions. The use of HTTPS and SSL on a quick count of applications is expected to be able to anticipate and secure communications between the client and the server of the intruder’s attack or unauthorized access. A simple implementation of SSL installation is shown to be able to reduce the vulnerability level and prevent the SQL
injection attack.”

02:45 Implementation of LoRa End-Device in Sensor Network System for Indoor Application
Raihan Zaky Thamrin (University of Al Azhar Indonesia, Indonesia)
Octarina Nur Samijayani (University of Al Azhar Indonesia, Indonesia)
Suci Rahmatia (University of Al Azhar Indonesia, Indonesia)
In LoRa network architecture, the End Device functions as a node that is connected to sensors and other interfaces which then transmit data to the gateway, and to be forwarded to the Network Server. This paper implement LoRa on a sensor network, considering its several advantages, has long range distance up to 1 km, low energy consumption, and data received in json format string. The experiment is conducted to test the performance of single LoRa End Device in transmitting the data sensor to the monitoring center. The testing is done in indoor, with 3 meter distance between end device node and gateway. The application is used as a dashboard for data presentation. The test is done using two different type of data string. The size of data memory depends on the number of data strings sent. The more number of data strings sent will increase the capacity of data and increasing power consumption. Data from sensor is successfully sent by LoRa transceiver to the gateway, although there is a data transmission error of about 14,9%. Some parameters that can be adjusted to improve the system performance include the channel frequency, number of data string bits, and also interval time of data transmission, which can be adjusted following to the characteristics of the sensing parameters.

03:00 Biogas Production Volume Measurement and Internet of Things based Monitoring System
Arif Abdurrahman (Telkom University, Indonesia)
Mukhammad Kirom (Telkom University, Indonesia)
Asep Suhendi (Telkom University, Indonesia)
Biogas is an alternative energy that utilizes several types of leftover material such as food scraps, garbage and livestock feces. The conversion process of these organic materials takes several weeks in anaerobic conditions by using microbes to overhaul the organic material. In its implementation, biogas reactors are not equipped with appropriate measuring instruments, such as instruments to measure the volume of gas produced by the reactor. So users do not know the volume of gas produced by the reactor. In this research, an Internet of Things (IoT) biogas production volume monitoring system will be developed. The biogas measurement data is sent to the IoT platform so that data about daily biogas production can be monitored directly form far away. The measurement process carried out by the flowmeter sensor will be received and processed by a. The process of sending data to the IoT platform is done using the GSM/ GPRS communication module with a delivery time of every 15 minutes. GSM/ GPRS communication module can transmit data with an average time of 36.2 seconds. The accuracy of the flowmeter sensor used on standard measuring devices is 94,84% with an error of + 5.16%. Accuracy of volume accumulation by the microcontroller to the reference volume is 95,75%. with an error of + 4.25%. The accumulated volume of biogas production for the first period was 772.55 liters, the second period was 664.73 liters, and the third period of 695.63 liters.

03:15 A Microservices-based for Distributed Deep Neural Network of Delta Robot Control
Iklima Zendi (Mercu Buana University, Indonesia)
Recent advances in robotics enable the evolution of the manufacturing industry to adapt to the new environments of the industry itself. A distributed deep neural network has been improved in cloud services as a distributed robotics control system. The services can be accessed over protocols such as HTTP, TCP, LwM2M, etc. A transfer learning approach for deep learning is required for achieving distributed deep neural network services. Deep learning with microservices-based is deployed to optimize the training process of deep neural networks by clustering the docker containers. This paper describes a microservices-based for the distributed deep neural network that has been deployed to encourage an inverse kinematic solution of the delta robot control system. 11KB Datasets consist of 200 motion data used to be trained. The proposed method was trained in containers C1-C4 for 13.4395 seconds in 1000 iterations. By using Adam optimizer, the training process produced an average of accuracy was 0.9728 and the average of loss was 0.0513. The proposed method also tested to transfer motion data over Socket.IO with 115.58B in 6.68ms.

03:30 Prototype of Sensor Node for Low-Cost Machine Vibration Monitoring System Using Accelerometer Sensor
Misfa Susanto (University of Lampung, Indonesia)
Rizky Saputra (University of Lampung, Indonesia)
Herlinawati Herlinawati (University of Lampung, Indonesia)
Shirley Savetlana (University of Lampung, Indonesia)
Syaiful Alam (University of Lampung, Indonesia)
One important aspect in industrial manufacturing processes is the maintenance of machines’ conditions. Therefore, monitoring the machine healthiness conditions is a crucial action. The drawback of conventional monitoring method is inefficiencies of the method due to the need to visit every single machine. One parameter for monitoring the machine’s healthiness is vibration for the machines that have the motor components. This paper proposes a real-time monitoring system for such vibration monitoring. The proposed system is based on wireless sensor network (WSN). The nodes’ prototype of proposed WSN was built and consisted of three nodes i.e. two sensor nodes and one sink node. The main component of the proposed system is Arduino uno which is not expensive relatively. In order to monitor the vibration parameter, the used sensor is the ADXL345 accelerometer sensor. The system design and testing have been carried out. The testing has been done for two aspects; the identification of communication performances and the machine vibration field measurements. The parameter for the testing of communication aspect is the data throughput that has been collected for the network performance evaluation. For the testing in real situations, the coffee grinder machine was chosen to be applied for the vibration monitoring system using one sensor and one sink node. From the testing results, the system achieved 546 bps of best throughput and was able to measure on the conditions of various supply powers to the machine. It implies the feasibility of the system in monitoring the vibration of the machine.

03:45 Predicting Network Bandwidth Usage: Case Study at PT. Bank ABC
Pratama Putra (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
Sukma Wijaya (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
Zahid Wirahaditenaya (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
Riyanto Jayadi (Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia)
Tuga Mauritsius (BINUS University, Indonesia)
The development of the internet network is now comprehensive and an essential requirement for digital competition companies. All activities that used to be done manually are slowly transforming into digitization and automation. In this process, an internet network is needed, so it is necessary to fulfill internet networks’ availability. In this paper, an analysis is conducted to optimize network bandwidth requirements at PT. Bank ABC uses data mining techniques. The data mining method is carried out using predictive techniques using three algorithms, namely Deep Learning, Generalized Linear Model and K-Nearest Neighbors, each of which is tested using split data models and cross-validation. Of these three algorithms, the Generalized Linear Model algorithm produces the highest accuracy value.

Friday, December 18, 2020, 02:00 pm – 04:00 pm
Technical Session 62: IoT and Communication
Room: B

02.00 An Adaptive Framework Using Machine Learning in Wireless Sensor Network
Ferry Wahyu Wibowo (Universitas Amikom Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
Eko Sediyono (Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, Indonesia)
Hindriyanto D Purnomo (Satya Wacana Christian University, Indonesia)
A wireless sensor network (WSN) is a system with functionalities of sensing such an environment, processing data, and communicating each other node. These functionalities require the energy or power to work in real-time from a battery. Much research has provided the methods in power efficiency relating to the work of the WSN. This paper aims to create an adaptive framework using machine learning in WSN. This paper analyzes the effect of implementing the methods used in machine learning in wireless sensor networks on energy efficiency. Performance analysis in wireless sensor networks is related to the cluster selection and cluster head (CH) election. To see the performance of the proposed adaptive method in the wireless sensor network, the comparison related to the power efficiency of this method is compared with the low energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH) method. It shows that the wireless sensor network using machine learning has prolonged the network lifetime.

02.15 A Switched Beamforming of Fully Shielded Six Parasitic Planar Array for IoT Network
Priska Wina (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Elyas Palantei (Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia)
Intan Sari Areni (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Wardi Wardi (Universitas Hasanuddin & Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10, Indonesia)
Merna Baharuddin (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Dewiani Dewiani (Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia)
Sunarno Sunarno (Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia)
Eko Setijadi (Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Indonesia)
Arif Hidayat (LAPAN & Lembaga Penerbangan Antariksa Nasional, Indonesia)
An optimized switched parasitic smart antenna (SPSA) 915 MHz that consists of 6 monopole parasitic wires encircled a single feeding monopole wire and configured on top of a 328 mm circular ground plane was manufactured and evaluated. SPSA prototype is initially designed to support the practical operation of a particular IoT based surveillance network within the university campus environment. In practical, the constructed antenna installed at a server station will continuously detect the particular active sensor node and maintain the connection and the data transfer between sensor node and the server. A slightly different switched beamforming technique deployed on the fully shielded cover seven monopole wires planar array by electronically setting-up 3 parasitic wires to be grounded and three other floating at the same time in order to point the power beam into a certain direction. Through the sequential variations of those wires set-up then the main lobe directions would be pointed to 6 different directions, i.e. 0°/360°, 60°, 120°, 180°, 240°, and 300°.

02.30 A 923 MHz Steerable Antena for Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN)
Mainsuri Mainsuri (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Elyas Palantei (Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia)
Intan Sari Areni (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Wardi Wardi (Universitas Hasanuddin & Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10, Indonesia)
Merna Baharuddin (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Dewiani Dewiani (Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia)
Eko Setijadi (Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Indonesia)
Sunarno Sunarno (Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia)
Arif Hidayat (LAPAN & Lembaga Penerbangan Antariksa Nasional, Indonesia)
Internet of Things (IoT) technology is one of the main elements in the industrial 4.0 revolution. Thus, various communication and information technology innovations have massively developed to support the large varieties of IoT applications. One of the most promising creative innovation is applying a LoRa technology. In Indonesia, LoRa technology is included in the communication technology based on non-cellular low power wide area network (LPWAN) by utilizing the unlicensed ISM band of 915 MHz. Generally, LoRa technology is widely used in research and industry. This paper designs a smart beam steering antenna at a frequency of 923 MHz in accordance with Indonesian regulations that can guarantee data quality reception on the LoRa system. The computation results of this smart antenna design has confirmed that it allows to steer the antenna beam direction into 360˚ full azimuthal coverage. The main lobe is altered for every 60˚ step. In terms of performance parameters, this antenna design exhibits a pretty good performance with Return Loss value ≤ – 10 dB, VSWR value < 1.92. The numerical gain value obtained is abruptly 8.52 dBi. This value is better than the gain used in conventional LoRa Gateway antennas, which is about 5 dBi.

02.45 An IoT Wearable Communication Prototype Tested in Indoor and Outdoor Environments
Sufianti Munirman (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Elyas Palantei (Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia)
Merna Baharuddin (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Zulfahmi Rizal (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
The fast adaptation of wearable communication (WC) technology to be applied in the broad fields has exhibited the incredible trend for the last decade. In this research project, a typical WC 2.4 GHz prototype was developed and practically examined. This wearable device is initially designed for transferring two kinds of data, i.e. voice data and video streaming within the indoor and outdoor environments. However, the current WC system only provides the functionality of video and pictures streaming. The sensed objects or locations captured using the wearable device placed on human body will be continuously transferred via the access point and immediately broadcasted to the registered server or the permitted receiver station. The first trial testing of the fabricated WC peripheral has demonstrated the excellent data transmission performed on those two different environments. The maximum communication range between the wearable device and the access point could be reliable maintaining for both indoor and outdoor testing was abruptly 17 meters. Over that communication range the transmission quality becomes degrading and the failure connection is quite often occurred. The measured power level received at this maximum distance is approximately – 90 dBm.

03.00 Finding the Minimum Number of Mobile Sinks for Data Collection in Wireless Sensor Networks
Srinivas Madana (Jyothishmathi Institute of Technological Sciences, India)
Praveen Kumar Donta (Indian Institute of Technology (ISM) Dhanbad, India)
Tarachand Amgoth (Indian Institute of Technology (ISM) Dhanbad, India)
In Wireless sensor networks (WSNs), the sensor nodes are equipped with a limited energy battery, and it is crucial to minimize the energy consumption to prolong the network lifetime. In this context, the mobile sink is used to collect the data by visiting the SNs to reduce relay nodes’ burden. In contrast, the relay nodes communicate the data to the base station via multi-hop communication. A finite number of sensor nodes are deployed in a large area, and a mobile sink is not sufficient to collect the data with no loss. So, we require multiple mobile sinks to achieve a better data gathering process without data loss. However, increasing the number of mobile sinks will also increase the cost. So, deciding the minimum number of mobile sinks to collect the network’s data efficiently is challenging. This paper proposes a heuristic approach to find the minimum number of mobile sinks required to acquire the network data efficiently. We perform a close approximation of minimum perfect matching in the heuristic approach, followed by an Euler circuit to achieve the goal. We simulate the proposed and recent existing algorithm using Python, and the proposed work outperforms the existing one.

03.15 The Preparations of Designing The LoRa LPWAN Based on The Regulations
Indah Kurniawati (Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya, Indonesia)
Eddo Mahardika (Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya, Indonesia)
Imam Cahyo Septiawan (Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya, Indonesia)
LoRa is a long-range and low-power wireless communication system suitable for the Internet-of-Things (IoT). This LoRa supports the communication between the end-nodes in the sea and the gateway in the seashore, as an example for monitoring the fishing ships. As communication systems work in Industrial, Scientific, and Medical (ISM) unlicensed frequency bands, the design of these systems has to comply with the regulations. This article’s aim is to prepare the design of the parameter LoRa physical layer to fulfill the regulations. The parameter discussed here is the transmitted power and receiver sensitivity. To design a long-range with a low power link, spreading factors were added to the systems which result in low bits rate, spectral efficiency, and the required SNR. Therefore, these LoRa systems offer a long-range with low power and low bit rate communication systems

Friday, December 18, 2020, 04:00 pm – 06:00 pm
Technical Session 71: Antenna Technologies
Room: A

04.00 Investigation of Checkerboard Pattern for EM Wave Absorber using Broadside SRR
Rasheed Abdurrahman Mulyadi (Telkom University, Indonesia)
Levy Olivia Nur (Telkom University, Indonesia)
Budi Syihabuddin (Telkom University, Indonesia)
This paper investigates electromagnetics wave (EM) wave absorber with modified checkerboard surface pattern configured using broadside SRR. There are three proposed absorbers which all were designed on FR-4 substrate with 1.2mm thickness. Each of these absorbers have a single resonant frequency at 8.41 GHz, 9.75 GHz, and 10.65 GHz for absorber A, B and C, respectively. The three proposed absorbers are used to construct a checkerboard absorber surface pattern with some variation. From the simulated result, we found that combination of two absorbers forming a checkerboard pattern can create an absorber with dual resonant frequencies. Combination of A-B resulting dual resonant frequency at 8.91 GHz and 9.78 GHz, combination of A-C resulting dual resonant frequency at 8.9 GHz and 11.08 GHz, while combination of B-C resulting 9.79 GHz and 10.98 GHz. By combining A, B and C with the proposed combination, the simulation result shows that it can achieve triple resonant frequency at 8.89 GHz, 9.77 GHz, and 10.96 GHz while achieving minimum return loss of -29.6 dB.

04.15 Joint Antenna Selection and Power Allocation Scheme in Two-way AF Channels with OFDM Signals
Aliasghar Tarkhan (University of Washington, USA)
Antenna selection, power allocations, and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) are key components of modern wireless communication systems (5G and beyond). In this paper, I propose a joint antenna selection and power allocation scheme in a two-way amplify-and-forward (AF) relay channel with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals. We use sum-rate maximization as a metric to jointly find the best antennas in communication nodes along with their optimal allocated powers in their corresponding sub-carriers. The proposed scheme includes two successive steps. In the first step, we find the best-allocated powers for any arbitrary antenna pairs. In the second step, we choose the best antenna pairs that maximize the sum-rate as the optimization metrics. Through a number of simulations, I demonstrate that joint antenna selection and power allocation enhances the performance significantly.

04.30 Novel UWB Microstrip Patch Antenna with a FSS Unit Cell Structure for Gain Enhancement
Pranjal Wadhwa (Manipal University Jaipur, India)
Rashmi A. Pandhare (Indian Institute of Information Technology Nagpur, India)
Dinesh Yadav (Manipal University Jaipur, India)
This paper proposes a novel UWB Microstrip Patch Antenna design along with a FSS (Frequency Selective Surface) unit cells structure for the purpose of gain enhancement. The UWB antenna works between 2.9096 GHz-10.719 GHz and the antenna has been designed by constructing a patch of copper(annealed) on a FR-4 substrate with standard thickness of 0.8 mm. At the rear side of the antenna, a FSS unit cells structure has been placed at a distance of 23.81 mm which is in order of 0.528λ where all the unit cells are printed on a Rogers RT6010 substrate. This causes a perfect increment in gain of 4.13 dBi at resonant frequency 3.17 GHz (rising from 1.63 dBi to 5.76 dBi). Furthermore, the antenna maintains its radiation efficiencies above 80% for the resonant frequency at 3.17 GHz. The back side of the antenna is covered by a ground with rectangular shaped depressions on the top and side surfaces of the ground to provide the feature of a large bandwidth and it is also a contributor for return loss (S11 parameters) to remain perfectly below -10 dB.

04.45 Experimental Characterization of Compact Slotted Substrate-Integrated-Waveguide Array Antenna
Achmad Munir (Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia)
Aulia Dewantari (Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia)
Ahmad Izzuddin (Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia)
Mohammad Ridwan Effendi (ITB, Indonesia)
Mohamed S. Soliman (Taif University, Saudi Arabia)
Arief Hamdani Gunawan (Telkom Indonesia, Indonesia)
Experimental characterization of a compact slotted substrate-integrated-waveguide (SIW) array antenna is presented. The use of SIW structure is aimed to acquire a compact dimension of waveguide-based array antenna particularly at low frequency. The proposed antenna is configured by a 1×2 slotted waveguide array with 8 slots in each array. A 1.6mm thick FR4 epoxy dielectric substrate is used for designing and deploying the proposed antenna. Optimizations are performed to attain an optimum antenna design suitable for wireless local area network (WLAN) application. The measured result achieves a 4.7dBi gain at the frequency of 2.35GHz comparable to the simulated one.

05.00 Frequency Reconfigurable Antenna Inspired by Tri-SRR Metamaterial
Abdelrahaman Sudqi Omar (University of Jordan, Jordan)
Khaled A. Al-Hammami (University of Jordan, Jordan)
Mosab Mohammad Qwakneh (University of Jordan, Jordan)
Yanal S Faouri (University of Jordan, Jordan)
“A frequency reconfigurable metamaterial-based microstrip antenna is presented in this paper. The proposed antenna consists of three split-ring resonators (SRR) and a tapered feeder placed on the top layer of a × × . substrate. Nine PIN-Diode switches are distributed around the three rings, each ring contains 3 switches with 120-degree spacing. Reconfigurability is achieved by varying the condition of these switches. The suggested antenna is simulated using Ansys Electronics Desktop simulator (HFSS), and MATLAB software is used to analyze the characteristics of the metamaterial unit-cell. Single and dual bands are produced at 2.8, 3.025, (2.45 and 4.75) and (2.93 and 4.85) GHz. Radiation patterns, gain, input impedance and radiation efficiency are simulated to have a better observation of the performance of the antenna.”

05.15 Hexagonal Patch Shaped MIMO Antenna for Frequency Agility
Khaled A. Al-Hammami (University of Jordan, Jordan)
Abdelrahaman Sudqi Omar (University of Jordan, Jordan)
Mosab Mohammad Qwakneh (University of Jordan, Jordan)
Yanal S Faouri (University of Jordan, Jordan)
“A compact size 2 x 1 multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) antenna system for super wideband (SWB) application is presented in this paper. The suggested MIMO antenna consists of two identical hexagonal microstrip shape. Each of the radiators is fed by a 50 Ω microstrip line. To have better impedance matching two tapered microstrip feed are merged into the design. Two PIN-diodes have been used in each unit for the operation of the antenna. The antenna behavior has been directed to operate within an SWB range of (2.39 – 27.51) GHz with a rejection band from 4.13 to 6.51 GHz when both diodes are forward biased or to operate in the full band (3.37 -27.38) GHz when the diodes are reversed biased. The proposed MIMO system has perfect isolation of 20 dB and a maximum gain of 8.23 dB. Several parameters such as ECC, Diversity gain, Radiation patterns and Radiation efficiency have been monitored and investigated for an efficient and clear view in understanding the proposed antenna operation. All the simulation results were carried out using Ansys Electronics Desktop simulator (HFSS).”

05.30 Enchanced Gain Compact Millimetre Wave Dipole Antenna for 5G Communication with Meta-Material Loading
Mr. Issmat Shah Masoodi

05.45 Cup Shaped Notch-Band Monopole Antenna Loaded with C-Type SRR for UWB Applications
Mr. Issmat Shah Masoodi

Friday, December 18, 2020, 04:00 pm – 06:00 pm
Technical Session 72: Emerging Network Technologies
Room: B

04.00 Algorithm for Vertical Handover using Multi Attribute Decision Making Techniques
Siddharth Goutam (Fr Conceicao Rodrigues College Of Engineering & IEEE Student Member, India)
Srija Unnikrishnan (University of Mumbai & Fr. C. R. C. E., Bandra(W), Mumbai, India)
Archana Karandikar (Fr Conceicao Rodrigues College Of Engineering, India)
The demand for high data rate paired with least cost, from mobile users, has been ever growing as mobile apps are being increasingly used for day to day service as well as commercial applications. This can be met to some extent by deploying efficient Vertical Handover Decision Algorithms (VHDAs) among prevalent Heterogeneous Wireless Networks (HWNs), giving due importance to bandwidth and cost. In this paper, we have presented the VHDA implementation in a real life scenario, based on measured values of input parameters – RSS, bandwidth, cost and velocity of the user. We have compared the results from MADM techniques like Simple Additive Weighting (SAW), Multiplicative Exponential Weighting (MEW) and Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS).

04.15 A Widely Analysis & Assessment of Software Deformity Prone Datasets Models using Linear search
Salahuddin Shaikh (North China Electric Power University, China)
In software world, researcher work is always focusing on number of faults present in a software deformity prone datasets model. The main goal of researcher work is that to find and fix present faults in software deformity prone as soon as possible. This has much to do with software deformity prone datasets models and its accuracy growth. Currently world immense software companies, they are used their own accuracy repository system which handling the software deformity prone issues and controlled the accuracy of deformity prone datasets models. This research paper presents the current issues on software deformity prone datasets models and the significant method used on these issues. Our research model method is that to boost the accuracy of forecasts in software deformity prone based on LinearNNsearch Classification method. This method used with K parameters where K=N=1 to 6. The experimental analyses showed that the parameter K=N=3, 4 and 5 are good for linearNNsearch and can enhanced the positive accuracy of software deformity prone with linearNNsearch. The analysis experiments of IBK Filtered neighbor search at K=N=5, 6 can also increase the positive accuracy of software deformity prone.

04.30 A Study on Electricity Theft Detection and Control in Smart Grid Systems
Syeda Pealy (North South University, Bangladesh)
Mohammad A Matin (North South University, Bangladesh)
Now-a-days, smart meters are a very essential part of the smart grid and energy theft is an important issue in smart grid implementation. Even sometimes, it becomes acute mostly in developing and underdeveloped countries. In this paper, the authors mainly focus on different ways of electricity theft from smart meters and various preventive measures that were discussed in open literature. This paper also proposed a mechanism to the utility providers to figure out illegal lines and take necessary actions.

04.45 Analysis Customer Behavior Toward Price War Strategy Among Cellular Operators in DKI Jakarta
Ajie Prabowo Joyonegoro (Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia)
Dadang Gunawan (Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia)
Indonesia’s telecom industry is experiencing intense competition with a price reduction strategy that has resulted in a price war. Although price war has received a lot of pressure from the business side and has attracted the attention of some researchers, it still does not explain how they affect customer behavior. Therefore, this study aims to specifically investigate customer’s behavior in choosing cellular operators due to the price war strategy that occurs among cellular operators in Indonesia, especially DKI Jakarta. This research used quantitative research methods by collecting data through distributing questionnaires to several respondents. Descriptive statistics analysis was being used to describe the results of customer data collection. The results showed that customers from various amounts of income chose quality of service as the main factor that helped them chose a cellular operator, followed by low package prices as the second factor. The results also showed that the impact of the application of promo tariffs by operators to increase the number of sales and customer, caused customers to choose cellular operators that offered low prices with large quotas. Customers from various income levels would also switch to other cellular operators if the service quality provided by operators was bad.

05.00 VINEMA: Towards automated management of virtual networks in SDN infrastructures
Madjed Bencheikh Lehocine (Mila University Center, Algeria)
Mohamed Batouche (Constantine 2 University, Algeria)
“A crucial trend in networking is network virtualization. This concept aims to increase resource sharing by creating logical networks, completely isolated, in order to serve multiple tenants. Many approaches, with different architectures, have been proposed for virtualizing the network in Software Defined Networking (SDN). But, managing efficiently these virtual networks remains a real challenge which involves several tasks including designing, planning an IP addressing scheme, routing, etc. In this paper, we present VINEMA (Virtual Network Manager), a solution that simplifies as much as possible the management of virtual networks in an SDN infrastructure. VINEMA which is designed to serve SDN networks controlled by RYU, aims to minimize human intervention and ensures better control of the various operations related to the management of virtual networks such as: creation, configuration, updating, deletion, etc.”

05.15 Cloud Security Implementation using Homomorphic Encryption
Infall Syafalni (Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia)
Hamdani Fadhli (Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia)
Wuri Utami (Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia)
Gede Satya Adi Dharma (Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia)
Rahmat Mulyawan (Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia)
Nana Sutisna (Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia)
Trio Adiono (Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia)
With the advancement of computing and communication technologies, data transmission in the internet are getting bigger and faster. However, it is necessary to secure the data to prevent fraud and criminal over the internet. Furthermore, most of the data related to statistics requires to be analyzed securely such as weather data, health data, financial and other services. This paper presents an implementation of cloud security using homomorphic encryption for data analytic in the cloud. We apply the homomorphic encryption that allows the data to be processed without being decrypted. Experimental results show that, for the polynomial degree 2 6, 2 8, and 2 10, the total executions are 2.2 ms, 4.4 ms, 25 ms per data, respectively. The implementation is useful for big data security such as for environment, financial and hospital data analytic.

05.30 Image search optimization with web scraping, text processing and cosine similarity algorithms
Ridwang Ridwang (Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia)
Syafaruddin Syafaruddin (Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia)
Amil Ahmad Ilham (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Ingrid Nurtanio (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
The process of searching for image data in cyberspace is only limited to text keywords in the form of file names of images entered on search engines such as Google, Yahoo, and Bing so that the results obtained are many variations of the image. With the development of information retrieval technology and text processing, it is hoped that it can help the image search process to be more specific according to the text keywords that are input. The web scrap process can help to dig more detailed information down to metadata from an image source on the website. The text data generated in the web scrap process is further processed using text processing and cosine similarity algorithms to produce information relevant to the image being sought. The results obtained reach 90% accuracy for general image data with a search image limit of up to 20 images. For specific images, it only reaches 25% accuracy for a limit of 20 images. There are 2 things that affect the accuracy value of image search, namely a very large image limit and a very specific query or image name so that there are fewer relevant images generated by search engines. With an image search method like this, it is expected to be able to find and download images that are truly relevant and of high quality to be used as training data in the image classification process.


Friday, December 18, 2020, 06:00 pm – 08:00 pm
Technical Session 81: Emerging Communications Technologies
Room: A

06.00 Voice and SMS Mobile Technology Switch-Off in Each Indonesian Region Identifying Small Revenue
Indra Surya Permana (Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Cirebon, Indonesia)
Taufik Hidayat (Universitas Wiralodra, Indonesia)
Rahutomo Mahardiko (Platinumetrix Pte. Ltd, Indonesia)
The deployment of Indonesian telecommunication industry especially in mobile broadband 2G, 3G and 4G technologies is having problem because of large and archipelagic territory. The large territory causes some of outer areas having only 2G network and some areas sometimes 3G network without 4G network. This study presents the region capacity in Indonesia, the number of Base Transceiver Station (BTS sites) in each territory, divided among 2G, 3G and 4G technologies, and revenue growth (%) and analyses the 2G operation switch-off. The study results show that revenue growth from 4G operation is increasing in each region and 2G network said the contrary, so that the operator should consider to switch-off the 2G network in region with the smallest revenue. The research also contributes not only to the technology advancement of telecommunications in Indonesia but also the advice for network provider to switch-off the 2G technology in each Indonesian area.

06.15 BF2FA: Beacon Frame Two-factor Authentication
Ali Abdullah S. AlQahtani (University of Wisconsin-Green Bay, USA)
Hosam Alamleh (University of North Carolina Wilmington & Louisiana Tech University, USA)
Jean Gourd (University of Tampa, USA)
Beacon frame is a type of management frame that is transmitted periodically by Wi-Fi access points (APs) for the purpose of establishing connections; also, it announces the existence of a network, allowing devices to find and identify the network and subsequently to request access. It contains information about the network needed to make the request. Within a range of different radio frequency (RF) technologies, Wi-Fi-capable devices can sense beacon frames. The primary advantage of a broadcast message is that devices can read and process the enclosed data with no need to be connected to the corresponding network. Our research employs data within these transmitted messages to perform two-factor authentication (2FA) system that, unlike existing methods, with minimal user involvement. We can ensure that both devices belong to the original user by determining if both of a user’s devices are in the same physical area. The presented method relies on an object that a user knows, an object that a user owns, and – a significant contribution of this system – an object in the user’s environment. The newly designed method presented in this study is empirically evaluated based on real login attempts.

06.30 Fulfillment Bandwidth Requirement Analysis of Access Transmission Cellular Network
Hari Haryono (Universitas Indonesia & ICT Company, Indonesia)
Dadang Gunawan (Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia)
“The requirement for data services is currently increasing due to the use of smartphones for social media, online services, and internet access has increased significantly. Mobile Network Operators/MNOs try to balance these needs by increasing the deployment of transmitters/BTS (Base Transceiver Station) that support data services by implementing 4G technology. In accordance with distribution of the BTS locations, it requires transmission between BTS to the core network. Without a transmission network with a sufficiently large capacity, the deployment of 4G BTS will be meaningless. This paper analyzes the selection of the best strategy that can be applied by Mobile Network Operators in deploying an access transmission network that connects 2G/3G/4G BTS to the core network. In this case the selected area is the Denpasar Bali cluster on the mobile network operator PT.XYZ. At the initial stage, bandwidth requirements are carried out by analyzing data traffic in Denpasar city, Bali, then with trend analysis the estimated bandwidth requirements are determined in the next few years and matched with the BTS configuration preferences at PT. XYZ. Fulfilling bandwidth needs is done by several scenarios. Furthermore, the calculation of TCO (Total Cost Ownership) and technical considerations are carried out on several alternative solution scenarios. Selection of the best scenario is done by the Rank Order Method (ROC), Reciprocal Methods (RR), Rank Sum Method (RS) and Equal Weight Methods (EW). The best scenario resulted from the analysis in this paper is “”deployment microwave solution (upgrade capacity) and new optical fiber Hub”

06.45 Privacy Protection from Drone use with Legal Perspective
Tri Boy Alvin Siahaan (Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia)
A drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle whose flight system does not carry a pilot in operation. Drones have several types based on the classification of flight distance, endurance or flight time, weight, wing type, altitude limit. The drone also consists of various camera sensor components and features. The application of drones is divided into 3, namely military, commercial, and civilian interests. Several vulnerabilities can occur to drones because not all drones are equipped with security in their systems. So this is what makes a threat to a person’s safety, security, and privacy possible. In Indonesia, the correct way to operate and control drones has been regulated, but it has not been explicitly seen the abuse of drones against privacy. This research will discuss privacy protection from a technical point of view and the laws and regulations in Indonesia regarding drones.

07.00 Deep Generative Model based Channel Agnostic Communication System for Efficient Data Transmission
Yogeeshwar S (Vellore Institute of Technology, India)
Vishwath Kumar B S (Vellore Institute of Technology, India)
Velmathi G (Vellore Institute of Technology, India)
Sethuraman T V (Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India)
In this modern era, where there is a great shift in momentum towards AI and data science, data-driven approach has substantiated to have diverse talents. This type of approach specifically in the field of wireless communication has proven to be highly efficient in modelling an end to end wireless communication channel with a completely unknown channel state information (CSI). Though there has been some work done in this direction they are not focusing on high dimension data like audio and image. Further with the tremendous growth in multimedia technologies and with higher resolution data being transmitted, there is an increasing need for bandwidth. Hence in this paper, we propose a novel idea where a Conditional Generative Adversarial Network is used to represent the channel effects of an end to end wireless communication channel which adapts to different noise levels with having the memory of the channel state information (CSI). Further to address this issue with bandwidth, Variational Adversarial Network is used where the input data is encoded into a condensed latent space and impacted with noise which is then passed through a Generative Adversarial Network which would be able to extract the original information. This reduces a lot of bandwidth and thereby increasing the overall data rate. To strengthen our proposal, we provide a comparative analysis with our conditional GAN and with extensive experiment results with both quantitative and qualitative analysis on images and voice signals.

07.15 Comparative Analysis of Mmwave Channel Model with 26 GHz and 28 GHz: A Case Study in Wonosobo City
Ramzi Aliy Afif (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia)
Anggun Fitrian Isnawati (Institut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia)
Achmad Rizal Danisya (Insitut Teknologi Telkom Purwokerto, Indonesia)
In this research, a comparison test of the high frequency mmwave 26 GHz and 28 GHz was carried out which is able to meet the needs of the 10-20 Gbps bandwidth. The contour of the earth is a high frequency challenge, namely the problem of wave propagation which is vulnerable to natural conditions. Wonosobo is a tropical area in Indonesia with high levels of rainfall and is a highland area, so it is necessary to know the characteristics of the wave channel to determine the system performance. The mmwave channel model is represented in the Power Delay Profile (PDP), by looking at the effect of minimum rain attenuation and maximum rain attenuation using environmental parameters based on the city of Wonosobo using 200 MHz bandwidth and using QPSK modulation. Outage Probability is obtained by the cumulative distribution of the capacity evaluated at the R coding rate. This study compares the high frequency of the mmwave with the average rainfall of 1.023 mm/h and the minimum rainfall of 0 mm/h. The results showed that the frequency of 26 GHz is more efficient because the coding rate ½ requires less power than ¾ and 1. This result shows that rainfall has an effect on the performance of the waveform.

07.30 A Model Vector Machine Tree Classification for Software Fault Forecast Model (TSMO/TSVM)
Salahuddin Shaikh (North China Electric Power University, China)
Many researchers have worked on the Software fault forecast model because the software fault forecast is very important in software development projects. In terms of the Software fault forecast model, earlier researchers have examined defective datasets models with the help of metrics and classification methods. Classification is assuming an exceptionally major job in the software fault forecast model, which is an important issue in data mining. The machine learning system as a finding way for the information securing or information extraction issue has examined it widely. The contribution to a classifier is a training data set of precedents, every one of which is labeled with a class name. Classification separates data tests into target classes. Software modules are categorized as defected models or not defected models by classification draws near. In Classification, class categories are known thus it is a supervised learning approach. In our research, software fault forecast datasets models are examined with the help of tree vector machine classification. Our proposed model is a tree vector machine, which is used for increasing the positive accuracy and efficiency of the software fault forecast model. We have used multiple tree classifiers for getting more accurate results and compare them with each other. During the analysis of the experiments, j48, random forest and random tree have increased their performance in accuracy as well as efficiency. However, the performance of REP Tree, Hoeffding Tree and Decision Stump is not so good at all measure rates.

07.45 Polynomial Multiplication Systolic Array for Homomorphic Encryption in Secure Network Communications
Nana Sutisna (Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia)
Gilbert Jonatan (Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia)
Infall Syafalni (Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia)
Rahmat Mulyawan (Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia)
Trio Adiono (Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia)
Homomorphic encryption is a type of encryption that allows computation to be done directly on encrypted data, without the need to perform any decryption in the process. Brakerski/Fan-Vercauteren (BFV) is a homomorphic encryption scheme that uses Ring Learning with Error (RLWE) problem and encrypt data in ring polynomial form. The encryption and decryption in this scheme involve high degree polynomial multiplication. In this paper, we propose a systolic array design to accelerate polynomial multiplication using convolution method. In implementation result, we show result area for 2×2 and 4×4 polynomial multiplication systolic array, as a proof of concept we show a Verilog simulation for 15 degrees polynomial multiplication, and design space exploration with variation in bit-size and systolic array matrix size. From our exploration we found optimized design size that can be implemented in PYNQ-Z1 board. The homomorphic encryption is useful for secure network communications and cloud analytics.

Friday, December 18, 2020, 06:00 pm – 08:00 pm
Technical Session 82: Advanced Resarch
Room: B

06.00 Quality of Service as a Baseline for 5G: A Recent Study of 4G Network Performance in Thailand
Therdpong Daengsi (Rajamangala University of Technology Phra Nakhon, Thailand)
Pongpisit Wuttidittachotti (Faculty of Information Technology, King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok, Thailand)
Although the major mobile service providers in Thailand launched 5G services since early 2020, most mobile users still use 4G services. This paper aims to present the Quality of Service (QoS) parameters obtained from a comparative study of 4G network performance. It has been found that the average download speed increased from 13.97 Mbps in Q2/2019 to 17.78 Mbps in Q2/2020, while the average upload speed increased from 6.25 Mbps in Q2/2019 to 14.59 Mbps in Q2/2020. Furthermore, the average latency decreased from 34.46 ms in Q2/2019 to 28.11 ms in Q2/2020, meanwhile the average jitter reduced from 17.06 ms to 11.91 ms in Q2/2019 and Q2/2020 respectively. Besides, it has been found that the average packet loss increased from 1.12% in Q2/2019 to 1.94 % in Q2/2019. Thus, these QoS parameters of 4G can be the baseline for the 5G network that will be used widely in Thailand and other countries in the same region in the near future.

06.15 Hotspot Detection in Photovoltaic Module using Otsu Thresholding Method
Andi Najiah Nurul Afifah (Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia)
Indrabayu A (Hasanuddin University, Indonesia)
Ansar Suyuti (Hasanuddin of University, Indonesia)
Syafaruddin Syafaruddin (Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Indonesia)
An increased enthusiasm on developing power from renewable resources has led to rise in solar photovoltaic system installations. However, after the installations, it is still very low awareness of checking the PV module condition. Early hotspot detection is necessary to keep the PV working. Thermal imaging is still considered as common technique for diagnosing hotspot. This study aims to develop a system to recognize hotspot in photovoltaic module thermal images using image processing technique. There are three essential process consisting of pre-processing, segmentation with Otsu thresholding method and identification. The data used contains 5 cropped images. The average accuracy results achieve 91.6%. This value shows that the proposed method is suitable to contribute the development of hotspot detection in PV monitoring system.

06.30 A Survey on Threats and Countermeasures in Smart Meter
Syeda Pealy (North South University, Bangladesh)
Mohammad A Matin (North South University, Bangladesh)
The most crucial part of smart grid is the smart meter. But, unfortunately these smart meters can be vulnerable to various types of threats. In order to provide a reliable, authentic and uninterrupted power supply, researchers are working with relentless effort to design a flawless smart meter. The goal of this paper is to provide an inclusive review on various threats and preventive measures that are applicable on smart meters. In addition, the authors provide an extensive qualitative comparison of various methods for smart meter security. It will help the researchers to design an excellent smart meter that can show smartness by fighting against all threats by its own.

06.45 Performance Evaluation of Secret Key Generation System for Static and Dynamic Condition
Mike Yuliana (EEPIS, Indonesia)
Suwadi Suwadi (ITS, Indonesia)
Iwan Wirawan (ITS, Indonesia)
“Received signal strength as one of the physical layer characteristics has been proven to be extracted as a secret key to secure communications carried out by two legitimate parties. Some of the previous secret key generation systems had low key generation speed and were indicated by the key generation value parameter and high bit difference indicated by the key disagreement value parameter. This paper proposes a system that can improve the similarity of RSS between legitimate parties by adding the Kalman Filter pre-process method. The increase in the similarity of received signal strength will be followed by a decrease in the difference in bits obtained so that it will reduce the number of bits wasted in the error-correcting component and will automatically increase the key generation value. The performance evaluation of the built system will be tested in an indoor environment with several scenarios and conditions. There are 2 scenarios used, namely the scenario in the classroom and laboratory and each of them has 2 conditions, namely static and dynamic. The test results show that the best performance is obtained when the C1 scenario and static condition with the key disagreement value of 0.41 and key generation value of 6.48 bps. The proposed system also shows better performance in terms of key disagreement value and key generation value compared to the previous system.”

07.00 Privacy Preserving and Secure Architecture for Healthcare Information Systems
Hosam Alamleh (University of North Carolina Wilmington & Louisiana Tech University, USA)
Protecting patient private data in the healthcare industry is an important subject. However, it is not an easy task. Patient data is important in the process of providing quality healthcare. Therefore, Healthcare regularly bodies issued regulations that require securing patient information and making it accessible only by authorized users. Today, many digital information systems handle patients’ data. However, they introduce some privacy and security concerns. This issue is going to be the focus of this project. In this paper, we design and test a system that allows the sharing of patients’ data while addressing privacy concerns by designing a digital information system that restricts access to patients’ information only when the patient mobile approves that access. Moreover, the proposed architecture is designed to protect the patients’ data from breaches by taking advantage of the availability and flexibility of cloud computing. To test the proposed architecture, a prototype is built and tested. The experiments’ results were satisfactory. This project tackles to a big problem in the healthcare industry by utilizing the latest technologies in mobility and cloud computing and data protection

07.15 Development of RLSA Antenna Based on Substrate Integrated Waveguide
Muhammad Rizal
Nanang Ismail
Achmad Munir

07.30 AMC-based Dual-band Wearable Reflector and its Characterization with Dipole Antenna
Dwiki Haryanto
Levy Olivia Nur
Achmad Munir

07.45 Dualband MIMO Antena Using Stacked Series Array Technique in mmWave Region
Raden Hernadi
Mudrik Alaydrus

Friday, December 18, 2020, 08:00 pm – 08:30 pm
Closing Session